OK, I think I've got it.

**Quote:**

The question asks: Which code matches the shape or pattern given at the end of each line? Underline the answer. (note: the correct answer is given as c)

I think this is what's in the question - please correct me if I'm wrong (H=horizontal, V=vertical, diag=diagonal):

Shape 1 ................. Shape 2 ..................... Shape 3 .................... Shape 4 .................. Shape 5

Circle diag. lines ...... H.oval diamonds ........... V. oval diag. lines ......... H. oval h. lines ......... H. oval diag. lines

AX ........................ BY ............................. CX ............................ BZ .......................... ? (answer: BX)

Answer options to chose from:

AY ...... CZ ......... BX ......... CY .......... AZ

a ....... b ............ c .......... d ........... e

You need to look at how the letters under the shapes correspond to the properties of those shapes. It looks like the first letter of each code corresponds to the outline of the shape and the second letter to the shading.

Shapes 2 and 4 are both horizontal ovals, but with different shading. The codes beneath them are BY and BZ, so they have letter B in common with the second letters being different. This would suggest that B represents the horizontal oval shape, while Y and Z represent the different patterns of shading.

Looking at shapes 1, 3 and 5: they are all different shapes, but with the same shading inside (diagonal lines). The corresponding codes are AX, CX and ? (answer: c=BX).

If we apply the same logic as with shapes 2 and 4, we could say that the first letters of the codes represent the outlines of the shapes, while the second letters represent the shading patterns. This means that A would stand for a circle, C would stand for a vertical oval and X would stand for diagonal line shading.

Shape 5 is a horizontal oval with diagonal lines inside. Based on shapes 2 and 4, we know that a horizontal oval is represented by letter B. Looking at shapes 1 and 3 we can say that diagonal lines are represented by letter X. Putting the two together, we get a code BX, which is answer c.

I hope this makes sense, but let me know if something is unclear.